India was under the control of the European powers through trade and conquest. Several European nations tried to establish their dominance in the Indian subcontinent, including Portugal, Netherlands, England, France and Denmark. Starting the 17th century, the East India Company maintained a trade rule in India, leading to the Company Rule and the weakening of then the Mughal Empire, which eventually disappeared. By the middle of the 19th century, the British had already created indirect or direct control over the subcontinent, marking the creation of the Indian colony, renamed the "jewel in the British Crown", due to its valuable resources. India gained its independence in 1947, but remnants of the colonial period are still felt nowadays (English as an official language).
Here you can download the presentation we made for the USC : India and China .